Complacency kills: Prevention cannot take a backseat while we scale up treatment coverage to #endAIDS

Shobha Shukla, CNS (Citizen News Service)
[Webinar recording, podcast] "The global health system is only as strong as its weakest parts" had said UNDP’s Mandeep Dhaliwal in her article around last year's World AIDS Day. The context has only deepened over the year, not only for ending AIDS but also for health security in general. With Universal Health Coverage Day (UHC Day) on 12th December this year, time is running out to catch up on lost opportunities to advance towards UHC.

[World AIDS Day Webinar] More needs to be done alongwith 90-90-90 to #endAIDS!

[Webinar recording] [Podcast] 193 governments have committed to end AIDS by 2030 (Sustainable Development Goals - SDGs), which aspires to eliminate transmission of HIV and healthy and productive normal lifespans for all people living with HIV (PLHIV). We must ensure that all PLHIVs know their status, all of them receive antiretroviral therapy (ART) and remain virally supressed (irresepective of where they reside), and no further transmission of HIV takes place, thereby making Undetectable = Untransmissible (U=U) a reality!

Paid leave for domestic violence survivors can help break the cycle of violence against women

Shobha Shukla, CNS (Citizen News Service)
[हिंदी]To mark the International Day to Eliminate Violence Against Women (IDEVAW) and 16 Days of Activism (25 November to 10 December), public sector unions launched a campaign to demand paid leave for all survivors of domestic violence. This is a part of efforts to strengthen labour laws and policies that can help stop violence and harassment.

Antimicrobial resistance: An understated threat

Avantika Chaturvedi, CNS Correspondent, India
Antimicrobial resistance is a condition when a microbe starts resisting the effects of medication that once could successfully treat diseases caused by the microbe. Resistant microbes are more difficult to treat, requiring alternative medications or higher doses of antimicrobials, making treatment more expensive and/or more toxic. Microbes resistant to multiple antimicrobials are called multi-drug resistant.

[Podcast] Will a long-acting & female-initiated HIV prevention option be a game-changer?

[Podcast] Local youth leadership is key for advancing progress on SRHR

Power of local youth leadership is pivotal for sexual health and rights

Overcoming antibiotic resistance is a collective responsibility

Ekwi Ajide, CNS Correspondent, Nigeria
Photo credit: WHO
Antibiotic resistance according to the World Health Organisation is one of the world's most serious health threats. This assertion may not be unconnected with the fact that antibiotic resistant bacterial infections are much harder to treat, just as they leave the sufferer sicker and infectious for longer periods, thereby giving the ‘superbugs’ more  opportunity to spread.

South Africa’s war against superbugs

Ronel Sewpaul, CNS Correspondent, South Africa
What if the medicines that are used to treat our illnesses became ineffective over time? What if the hitherto curable diseases become untreatable? The peril of antimicrobial resistance (AMR) that is looming large, has already started taking its toll and is likely to escalate if not addressed urgently.

Clock is ticking: 26 months left to meet AIDS 90-90-90 targets

[Recording] [Photos] [हिंदी] Governments have promised to end AIDS by 2030 but are we on track? Experts reviewed progress we are making towards some HIV related goals with a deadline earlier, such as the 90-90-90 targets set for 2020.

We want the ring...

Shobha Shukla, CNS (Citizen News Service)
That seemed to be the resonating refrain of women at the HIV Research for Prevention Conference (HIVR4P2018) held recently in Madrid, Spain. And no, they were not talking about the engagement ring. Their focus of interest was the intra-vaginal dapivirine vaginal ring - a long acting female-initiated, self-administered product that has been found to be highly effective in reducing the risk of HIV infection.

[SABC Newsbreak] Alarming incidence of breast cancer warrants urgent action, says Dr Pooja Ramakant

[SABC News and Current Affairs] By Newsbreak Producer Taliesha Naidoo
Breast cancer is one of the most common cancer among Indian women. Details have the proportional prevalence in younger age-groups in the world's largest democracy is higher than the global average. According to the Indian Ministry of Health Welfare, the incidence of breast cancer is 25.8 per 100,000 women and is expected to rise to 35 per 100,000 women in 2026. Newsbreak's Taliesha Naidoo asked renowned breast cancer surgeon and Associate Professor in Department of Breast and Endocrine Surgery of King George's Medical University, Dr Pooja Ramakant - how big a problem breast cancer is in India...

WHO prioritizes AMR: A key issue tackled through multi-sectoral partnership

Manjari Peiris, Sri Lanka
[First published in Asian Tribune]
Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is a multi-sectoral problem affecting human and animal health, agriculture, as well as the global environment and trade. Clean water, sustainable food production and poverty alleviation are but a few of the challenges it poses. It is learnt that AMR threatens the effective prevention and treatment of an ever-increasing range of infections caused by bacteria, parasites, viruses and fungi.

[Call to register for 26/10 CNS Live Hour] Is fight against TB in the Middle East on track?

[Click here to register] Is fight against TB in the Middle East countries (Yemen, Syria, Iraq, Jordan and Lebanon) on track to end TB by 2030 or earlier? Are there unique challenges in socio-economic and political context in these Middle East nations that are weighing upon the fight to end TB?

HIV prevention: Bridging the gap between research and impact

Shobha Shukla, CNS (Citizen News Service)
[Podcast] We are at an incredible moment in the history of the HIV/AIDS response, which reflected in the vibrancy of the HIV Research for Prevention (HIVR4P 2018) - the only global scientific conference focused on the fast-growing field of biomedical HIV prevention research. Today, the latest research in different areas of biomedical HIV prevention, including vaccines, rings, microbicides and other female-controlled forms of prevention, pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) and long-acting delivery systems, offer the greatest promise of significantly slowing the toll of the disease.

[Podcast] Research & development & "delivery" all key to #endAIDS: Translating scientific advancements into public health gains must not be delayed

[Podcast] What inspired 4 women scientists towards HIV science and care?

Can we end tobacco pandemic without holding industry liable?

[हिंदी] The disease burden, death toll and economic loss caused by tobacco is mountainous enough to warrant urgent action globally. Over 7 million deaths every year and more than US$ 1.4 trillion economic cost cripples the global economy - can this be ignored? Also more evidence piles up on how tobacco threatens sustainable development.

Governments meet in Geneva to get tough on the tobacco industry

(First published in Le News, Switzerland on 11 October 2018)
Governments of 181 countries and the European Union met in Geneva for the 8th conference of the parties to the global tobacco treaty, formally called the World Health Organization Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC).

Antimicrobial resistance and human health

Beryl Osindo, CNS Correspondent, Kenya 
The emergence of drug resistant bacteria, viruses, and parasites, is challenging modern medicine to address antimicrobial resistance (AMR) at an entirely new level. The administering of antimicrobial drugs to treat infections is a common practice that has been used over the years.

[Podcast] SABC Newsbreak: Geneva conference continues to strive towards averting the harmful effects of tobacco use

Unmask the complexities of TB, a pigeonholed curable disease

Roger Paul Kamugasha, CNS Correspondent, Uganda
The time is closing fast to prevent millions of people dying from susceptible and multi drug resistant TB (MDR-TB). We need an initiative that will go beyond the intermittent paper declarations that have failed to end TB. We need a marshal plan to generate investments with the potential to lessen the interstate barriers to end deaths caused by this disease and increase productivity—a plan embedded in a multi sectoral framework working towards one global goal. Hundreds of declarations to end the disease have been made, global targets are set every 3-5 years, extensive research and studies have been done.

[Podcast] First ever cross-sectional study on heart disease to be conducted in India: SABC interviews Prof Rishi Sethi

Fully funding the TB response is a smart investment

Shobha Shukla, CNS (Citizen News Service)
As per WHO’s Global TB Report 2018 financing for TB prevention, diagnosis and treatment continues to fall short of the amount needed and commitments from both domestic and international donor sources need to be stepped up.

Rotation of pictorial health warnings on tobacco products

Manjari Peiris, Sri Lanka
[First published in Asian Tribune]
Sri Lanka initiated implementation of Article 11- as envisaged in WHO’s Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC)- on packaging and labelling of tobacco products, in early 2015. Eight pictures on Pictorial Health Warnings (PHWs ), that covered 80% of the surface area of cigarette packets, were introduced.

Tip of the iceberg? Not just a health hazard, tobacco devastates development

Shobha Shukla, CNS (Citizen News Service)

(हिंदी) Tobacco kills over 7 million people annually. Every tobacco-related disease is preventable, and every tobacco related untimely death could have been averted.

Will SimpliciTB make TB treatment simpler?

Shobha Shukla, CNS (Citizen News Service)
(हिंदी) Taking the encouraging results of its NC-005 study one step forward, TB Alliance has initiated SimpliciTB a pivotal clinical study to evaluate the efficacy, safety and tolerability of a novel and potentially shorter 4 drug regimen for patients with drug-sensitive (DS) as well as multi drug-resistant (MDR) pulmonary TB.

Innovation is key to #endTB: A disease riddled with myths

Roger Paul Kamugasha, CNS Correspondent, Uganda
Photo credit: Roger Paul, Uganda
Tuberculosis (TB) — the silent killer — has found its place on the agenda of one of the forthcoming United Nations High Level Meetings (UNHLM on TB), for the first time in the annals of history. This has been made possible through the combined efforts of the Stop TB Partnership, Global Fund to Fight AIDS, TB and Malaria (The Global Fund), United Nations, G-20 nations, UNITAID, Russian Government, media, TB advocates who include TB survivors, celebrities who have spearheaded the campaign against TB, religious institutions and international/ regional/ national development partners.

Environment and lung health are vital for sustainable societies

[हिंदी] The 24th National Conference on Environmental Sciences and Pulmonary Diseases (NESCON 2018) will be held in Mumbai, India during 24-26 August 2018. “Environment and lung health are inalienable, if we are to deliver on promises made in National Health Policy 2017 (NHP 2017) as well as UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)”, said Dr Ishwar Gilada, Co-Chair of NESCON 2018 and President of AIDS Society of India (ASI), which is a national network of doctors and researchers in HIV care.

Existence of civil society is under threat

Dr Ian Hodgson, CNS (Citizen News Service) 
Gandhi ji's Talisman
CNS Image Library: Gandhi Settlement, Durban/ 2018
The increasing repression of civil society was a major theme that emerged during the recently concluded 22nd International AIDS Conference (AIDS 2018) in Amsterdam. A range of presentations and discussions confirmed that, in many countries, like Hungary, Russia, Venezuela, and the Philippines, the civil society space for HIV prevention is diminishing with the introduction of new laws and policies that are aimed at minimising access to human rights and jeopardising the health and well-being of key populations.

Where are the nurses in the HIV response?

Dr Ian Hodgson, CNS (Citizen News Service)
Since the beginning of the HIV epidemic, nurses have been at the forefront of the response to this once fatal infection. The nurse is involved at every stage of the trajectory of a person living with HIV—from usually being the first to counsel the newly diagnosed person, to one of the last to be with him/her at the point of death.

Slump in fight against #AIDS can derail progress made so far!

Shobha Shukla, CNS (Citizen News Service)
[Podcast] “Tremendous progress against AIDS over the past 15 years has inspired a global commitment to end the epidemic by 2030. Out of the total 36.9 million people living with HIV (PLHIV) globally, 21.7 million of them were on antiretroviral therapy (ART) by 2017. But we should also note that 1.8 million people were newly infected with HIV in 2017" said Dr Ishwar Gilada, who was Chairing a session at 22nd International AIDS Conference (AIDS 2018) in Amsterdam, Netherlands.

Will approach of 'breaking barriers and building bridges' accelerate progress to #endAIDS?

Dr Prakash Tyagi, CNS (Citizen News Service)
From CNS files: 2 years old photo but even more relevant!
A number of aspects stand out clearly from the 22nd International AIDS Conference (AIDS 2018). Firstly, the conference has the largest ever participation of younger people, recognizing the importance of the roles youth play and the contributions they can make in the global efforts of controlling the pandemic within their communities and beyond.

Ending AIDS, the Dutch way

Shobha Shukla, CNS (Citizen News Service)
Alphonsus Stoelinga, Netherlands Ambassador to India
We are all very familiar with the phrase ‘going Dutch’ (meaning each person of a group pays one's own expenses in an outing), but are we also aware of dealing with HIV/AIDS the Dutch way? Perhaps very few of us know that "Amsterdam, which is currently hosting the 22nd International AIDS Conference (AIDS 2018) from 23-27th July 2018 - the largest conference for any global health issue in the world - became the first city in the world to overshoot the 90:90:90 target, set by UNAIDS (joint United Nations programme on HIV/AIDS), in 2017 itself with a continuum progress of 94:90:94,” said Alphonsus Stoelinga, Netherlands Ambassador to India, in an exclusive interview given to CNS (Citizen News Service) on the eve of AIDS 2018.

[Call for application] Be Different: Become a part of Bimla Misra Memorial Health Fellowship Programme 2018-2019

[Click here to apply] CNS team is pleased to announce that we are currently accepting applications for new Fellows for Bimla Misra Memorial Health Fellowship Programme 2018-2019.

Are you willing to be different, and:
  • Be the change you want to see in the world?
  • See things differently, and strive for a better tomorrow?
  • Challenge the status quo, and think and act differently, to make sustainable development a reality for all - where no one is left behind?
  • Focus on issues that matter to people most in need?

Social entrepreneurship: Partnership platforms for sustainable societies

Shobha Shukla, CNS (Citizen News Service)
Dr Marie Lisa Dacanay, President of the Institute for Social Entrepreneurship in Asia, defines social entrepreneurship as ‘a game changing strategy to mainstream social enterprises to help the poor/ marginalized and women at the grassroots become key partners in multi-stakeholder innovation platforms for developing inclusive, sustainable economies; and to partake of the value and wealth created in ways that transform their lives and communities’.

Secondhand smoke is bad for the heart

Dr Amitava Acharyya, CNS Correspondent, India
It has been known for long a time now that active cigarette smoking is an established risk factor for heart diseases. However, a large percentage of us are ignorant of the toxic effects of secondhand smoke—inhalation of cigarette, bidi, hookah smoke or inhalation of smoke produced by burning of coal or wood as fuel for cooking. This second hand smoking or passive smoking too is harmful and can lead to many diseases—like coronary obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), asthma, stroke, hypertension, cancer, peripheral vascular disease, sudden infant death syndrome, low birth weight etc.

Defending the environmental defenders

Shobha Shukla, CNS (Citizen News Service)
Violations of the environmental rights of communities and individuals are on the rise in Asia Pacific and worldwide. Statistics released by Global Witness reveals that in 2017, 197 people were killed (on an average 4 per week) for defending their land and/or natural resources, underscoring the escalating violence in a global economy that is driven by expansion and consumption through corrupt and unjust practices. Extractive industries were one of the deadliest drivers of violence.

Climate justice is integral to development justice

Shobha Shukla, CNS (Citizen News Service)
Climate justice is integral to development justice, as it is essential for building a brave feminist future sans power and wealth inequalities. This is the dream of feminists in the Asia Pacific region, including Misun Woo, who recently took over charge as the Regional Coordinator for APWLD (Asia Pacific Forum on Women, Law and Development). A law graduate from New York University School of Law, Misun Woo, is deeply committed to a feminist movement building to dismantle the current patriarchal structures and systems that are violating women’s human rights, deepening inequalities and fuelling conflicts.

Smokeless tobacco under gender lens

Dr Sophia Thomas, CNS Correspondent, India
The first World No Tobacco Day (WNTD) was observed on 31 May 1988, a year after this global campaign was created during the World Health Assembly by the World Health Organization. The objective of WNTD was to encourage all persons worldwide who smoke or chew tobacco to quit for at least 24 hours. Ironically, a simple google search of “World No Tobacco Day” brings up a series of images showing cigarettes being shunned in creative ways. The current theme of WNTD focuses on effects of tobacco on cardiovascular health and is depicted as smoke rising from the blood vessels of the heart. Unfortunately, most of the images, depicting the health hazards of tobacco, fail to showcase the harmful effects of ‘smokeless’ forms of tobacco, which are equally harmful.

[World #NoTobacco Day Webinar] Holding tobacco industry liable will be a game-changer for health and development

[Click here to watch webinar recording] [Listen or download the Podcast] According to the World Health Organization (WHO), tobacco use has devastating health, social, environmental and economic consequences. That is why governments adopted the global tobacco treaty (formally called the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control - FCTC) at the World Health Assembly 15 years back to protect lives from needless miseries and untimely deaths.

[Podcast] Tobacco causes havoc on cardiovascular health

World No Tobacco Day Webinar: Heart disease and tobacco

2018 World No Tobacco Day Webinar: Heart disease and tobacco

[Watch webinar recording] [Download or listen to the podcast] The thematic focus of 2018 World No Tobacco Day is "Tobacco and heart disease." Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) kill more people than any other cause of death worldwide, and tobacco use and second-hand smoke exposure contribute to approximately 12% of all heart disease deaths.

Is Zimbabwe on track to combat malaria?

Locadia Mavhudzi, CNS Correspondent, Zimbabwe
At the turn of the millennium, Zimbabwe recorded an estimated 2 million cases of malaria per year, ranking as one of the countries with the highest incidence rate of the disease. The country has since stepped up efforts to eradicate the disease, with over three million insecticide treated mosquito nets having been distributed to households in all of the country’s 47 malaria prone districts.

Yoga can help control asthma symptoms

A research study done under the guidance of Professor (Dr) Surya Kant, Head, Department of Respiratory Medicine, King George’s Medical University (KGMU), in collaboration with Lucknow University, found that 30 minutes of daily practice of yoga, along with standard medical treatment, improves the quality of life of asthma patients, by increasing their antioxidants’ levels, improving their lung functions, symptom scores and reducing the dose of inhaled medications.

Countdown is on: 32 months left to achieve 90:90:90 HIV targets

UP Health Minister Siddharth Nath Singh met a high level delegation of AIDS Society of India (national network of HIV medical experts) led by ASI President Dr Ishwar Gilada and Head of Microbiology Department of Sanjay Gandhi Post-Graduate Institute of Medical Sciences (SGPGIMS) Professor (Dr) Tapan N Dhole. "Master plan is needed to control HIV, hepatitis B and hepatitis C infections in UP" said Dr Ishwar Gilada, who is among the few doctors to begin HIV care when the first case got diagnosed in India in 1986.

Zimbabwe scales up fight against TB

Locadia Mavhudzi, CNS Correspondent, Zimbabwe
Zimbabwe remains a country with a high burden of TB. It ranks amongst the world’s top 30 high TB burden countries, with the mining communities and prisons registering a high prevalence rate for this infectious disease. As the country joined the rest of the world to commemorate World TB Day 2018, the government showcased its significant strides towards reducing new TB cases and deaths.

Ending TB is a multisectoral assignment, not a one-person job

Alice Sagwidza-Tembe, CNS Correspondent, Swaziland
The world gathers every year on World TB Day to commemorate and celebrate the milestones achieved so far towards reversing TB trends. There has indeed been a continuous remodeling of consolidated interventions from 1994-2005 focusing on directly observed treatment short course (DOTS), to the Stop TB strategies during 2006-2015, and now for 2016 -2030 focusing on the End TB strategy, noted Dr Mario Raviglione, Director at Global Health Centre with the University of Milan.

Air pollution is an invisible killer: Denial will cost lives!

#WorldHealthDay2018 special
Source: WHO Air Pollution monitor
A senior editor in Thailand is being victimized for putting spotlight on an issue that the World Health Organization (WHO) refers to as "invisible killer" of over 6.5 million people globally every year. Air pollution warrants much more urgency to save lives and help people breathe life, and not inhale deadly disease-causing polluted air.

Bad politics put people at risk of TB, but is TB on the political agenda?

The most hard-hitting message around World Tuberculosis Day 2018 for us was on twitter by Shirin Aliabadi, who tweeted that Dr Richard Horton (Editor in chief of The Lancet) said, politics is, in many ways, the ultimate determinant of our health. Bad decisions made by politicians determine our well-being in so many ways.

Addressing gender inequity to eradicate TB in India

Pritha Roy Choudhury, CNS Correspondent, India
Rajni, the 19 year old  girl who helps us with the domestic chores, suffers from some physical disability. She cannot walk properly. Hailing from a financially challenged family, her father drives a rickshaw while her mother contributes to the household income by ironing clothes. She and her two sisters work as domestic helps.