Are we on track to end AIDS, end viral hepatitis and end STIs by 2030?

[watch the video or listen to podcast] Well, it seems to be a mixed bag of gains and losses. While there are reasons to celebrate, significant gaps remain to be plugged. The latest Global Health Sector Strategies Report of the World Health Organization (WHO) shows that while there has been a substantial increase in expanding service access for HIV, viral hepatitis and sexually transmitted infections (STIs), 2.5 million people are still dying every year due to these three infections. Thus, these illnesses continue to pose a major global health challenge.

AIDS 2024: What to expect

From the frontlines: Homeless person won over alcoholism, survived floods and defeated TB

After suffering debilitating TB symptoms for over a year, a homeless person got lifesaving help from a community health worker. Thanks to her, he was eventually diagnosed with TB of the lungs and put on treatment, quit alcohol, and survived one of the worst Delhi floods during his treatment, and got cured.

#NoTimeToDie: Find all people with TB and HIV, treat all of them, save lives and stop the spread of both

[CNS and partners have submitted this event to be an independent affiliated event of 25th International AIDS Conference (AIDS 2024) but it has not yet been accepted] This event is on the theme: "Back to basics: Find all people with TB and HIV, treat all of them and prevent any further transmission of both in people-centred ways."

Right diagnostic test and right treatment at the right time can prevent antimicrobial resistance

New guidelines were launched in India's capital Delhi to help healthcare personnel rightly diagnose and treat people in a timely manner. Failure to do so is fuelling antimicrobial resistance (AMR). Early and accurate diagnosis and treatment (without any delay), with medicines that work on a person, along with standard infection control and disease prevention efforts, remain a cornerstone for public health. And yet this is a distant dream for many in need.

[podcast] Are we on track to end malaria by 2030?

This podcast features insights from a range of experts who spoke in End Malaria Dialogues held around the 77th World Health Assembly of World Health Organization (WHO). Experts include: Dr Michael Adekunle Charles, CEO RBM Partnership to End Malaria; Dr Marijke Wijnroks, Head of Strategic Investment and Impact Division, The Global Fund; Sriram Natarajan, co-founder and CEO Molbio Diagnostics; Prof Maxine Whittaker, Community Representative at the Global Fund Regional Artemisinin Resistance Initiative; and CSO Platform advisor; Aloyce Urassa, Chairperson African Leaders Malaria Alliance (ALMA) Youth Advisory Council; Louis Da Gama, board member, Communities Delegation Unitaid and CSO Platform advisor; and Shobha Shukla, founder Managing Editor and Executive Director, CNS (moderator).

Listen to this podcast on Apple Podcasts, Amazon Music, Google Podcasts, Spotify, TuneIn, Podtail, BluBrry, Himalaya, ListenNotes, American Podcasts, CastBox FM, Ivy FM, Player FM, iVoox, and other podcast streaming platforms.

Protect the medicines that protect us

Protect the medicines that protect us and ensure that all those who need them can access them... So said Dr Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, the Director General of The World Health Organization (WHO), at the Strategic Roundtable on "Charting a new path forward for global action against antimicrobial resistance (AMR)" held recently during the 77th World Health Assembly (decision-making body of the WHO which is attended by all countries part of the UN health agency WHO).

Indonesia is enforcing stronger anti-tobacco measures despite industry interference

There is plenty of scientific evidence to show that tobacco kills one out of every two of its users (as per the WHO). Tobacco use devastates lives and fractures families killing over 8 million people every year – year after year. While governments are enforcing stronger evidence-based tobacco control measures, the tobacco industry is conniving to lure children and young people into addiction traps and reap bigger profits by selling its deadly products.

Candy flavoured traps to hook the next generation

[हिन्दी] Young people are using e-cigarettes at rates higher than adults in many countries, as the tobacco industry is specifically targeting youth, says the World Health Organization (WHO). "History is repeating, as the tobacco industry tries to sell the same nicotine to our children in different packaging. These industries are actively targeting schools, children and young people with new products that are essentially a candy-flavoured trap. How can they talk about 'harm reduction' when they are marketing these dangerous, highly addictive products to children?," said Dr Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, Director-General of the WHO.

End Malaria Dialogues: With 78 months left to #endMalaria by 2030, are we on track?

Governments worldwide had committed to end malaria by 2030 as part of the promises enshrined in the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). Malaria not only directly endanger health, it also perpetuates a cycle of inequity.

[video] Howrah's cycle rickshaw driver won over TB, reduced alcohol dependence and got reunited with family

[podcast] WHO Director for HIV, Hepatitis and STIs Dr Meg Doherty in conversation with CNS

In lead up to the International AIDS Conference (AIDS 2024) in Munich, Germany, listen to this podcast featuring Dr Meg Doherty, World Health Organization (WHO) Director of Global HIV, Hepatitis and Sexually Transmitted Infections Programmes. She is in conversation with Shobha Shukla, CNS founder, Managing Editor and Executive Director.

Listen to this podcast on Apple Podcasts, Amazon Music, Google Podcasts, Spotify, TuneIn, Podtail, BluBrry, Himalaya, ListenNotes, American Podcasts, CastBox FM, Ivy FM, Player FM, iVoox, and other podcast streaming platforms.

[video] Are we on track to end AIDS, end viral hepatitis and end STIs by 2030?

Youth uprising against antimicrobial resistance which is a threatening candidate for the next global health emergency

Antimicrobial Resistance (AMR) is already among the top 10 global health threats. "If AMR is going to impact our present and future, then we, the young people, should be most concerned. We have to combat AMR, prevent AMR, and engage youth," said Mayowa Sodiq Akinpelu, Chair of African Youth Antimicrobial Resistance Alliance Task Force. Mayowa was speaking at the launch of a Youth Manifesto for the United Nations General Assembly High-level Meeting on Antimicrobial Resistance (UNHLM on AMR) on 26th September 2024.

The deadly intersection: TB and tobacco smoking co-epidemics in Indonesia

In the lead up to World No Tobacco Day later this month, it is high time we recognise and effectively address the deadly synergy between the two epidemics: tobacco use and tuberculosis (TB). Tobacco is the single-largest preventable cause of death worldwide and TB continues to be the deadliest of infectious diseases in high burden countries (even despite the COVID-19 pandemic).

Stigma has a profound impact on the mental and physical health of Indian women with HIV

Providers should avoid the label of mental illness as it may compound intersectional stigma

Whither social justice and decent work for women?

[हिन्दी] [watch Gender Equality Talks on invisible labour at home] "As we celebrate the Labour Day let us celebrate the women of the world, because it is the women who are holding this world together..." so said Betty Ogwaro, Member of Parliament and former Agriculture Minister of South Sudan, while speaking at a special session of Gender Equality Talks, focussing on "invisible labour at home: the unpaid care work." Women shoulder the hardest of labour (paid and unpaid, visible and invisible) but seldom get recognition, rights, and justice.

[podcast] Finding TB is central to ending TB: Prof Kogie Naidoo of CAPRISA

This podcast features Prof Kogie Naidoo, Head of the Treatment Research Programme, and Deputy Director of Centre of the AIDS Programme of Research in South Africa (CAPRISA). She was awarded the coveted 2013 Union Scientific Prize for her contribution to advancing TB science worldwide.

She is in conversation with Ashok Ramsarup who is among the senior-most journalists of South Africa and has served South Africa Broadcasting Corporation as senior Producer of Lotus FM Newsbreak; and other media houses for over 45 years.

Listen to this podcast on Apple Podcasts, Amazon Music, Google Podcasts, Spotify, TuneIn, Podtail, BluBrry, Himalaya, ListenNotes, American Podcasts, CastBox FM, Ivy FM, Player FM, iVoox, and other podcast streaming platforms.

After months of diagnostic delay, a migrant worker could access TB services only when a community health worker met him

A migrant worker who was sick for over three months, actively sought medical help and advice, but his health kept deteriorating. Despite having constant cough, fever, and increasing weakness since months, neither he nor his treating doctor(s) thought of TB. And this did not happen in an area with low TB rates but in India’s national capital Delhi – a state with highest TB rates nationwide – and a country which is home to the largest TB burden in the world.

[video] Invisible labour at home (unpaid care work) impedes gender equality and human rights

Finding TB is central to ending TB, says Prof Kogie Naidoo of CAPRISA

Labour Day | Gender Equality Talks on invisible labour at home

Join us on the eve of World Labour Day, on Tuesday, 30th April 2024, in a special episode of Gender Equality Talks live on invisible labour at home (2pm India. Sri Lanka time, duration: 1 hour). This year's Labour Day 2024 is on the theme “Social justice and decent work for all,” and we at CNS are hosting a special session of Gender Equality Talks Live focussing on invisible labour at home: the unpaid care work.

[video] Migrant worker with disability could access TB services, thanks to community health workers

[video] Is Myanmar on track to end TB?

[video] Cameroon gearing up to bridge upfront molecular diagnostic gap and strengthen response to #endTB

[podcast] Dr Bornali Datta shares high impact journey of Medanta vans reaching the unreached with TB services

Listen to this podcast featuring Dr Bornali Datta, Director, Respiratory Medicine at Medanta, and Project Lead of Mission TB Free Haryana. She shares insights of the incredible and high-impact journey of Medanta vans since 2015 onwards of how they are reaching the unreached with WHO recommended and quality assured TB diagnostics and services in Haryana, Delhi, and other parts of India. She is in conversation with Shobha Shukla, CNS founder Managing Editor and Chairperson of Global Antimicrobial Resistance Media Alliance.

[video] Age with rights

[video] Homeless person won over TB and alcohol, survived floods

The chasm between TB and HIV continues

“The two worst global health problems have combined forces well. But the institutions addressing them have miserably failed to put their act together,” wrote Dr Tim France, a noted global health thought leader, in an op-ed article titled “The chasm between TB and HIV” which was widely published in several newspapers of high TB burden countries in Asia Pacific and Africa in 2006.

[podcast] TB diagnosis and treatment is free but people face unacceptable catastrophic costs, diagnostic delays

This World Health Day Podcast features Dr Susmita Chatterjee, Programme Lead - Health Economics, Health Systems Science, The George Institute for Global Health, India. She is also a Conjoint Senior Lecturer, University of New South Wales; DBT/Wellcome Trust India Alliance Clinical and Public Health Intermediate Fellow; and Professor, Prasanna School of Public Health, Manipal University. Read this article which is referenced in the podcast "Deconstructing the economic burden of tuberculosis in India."

Listen to this podcast on Apple Podcasts, Amazon Music, Google Podcasts, Spotify, TuneIn, Podtail, BluBrry, Himalaya, ListenNotes, American Podcasts, CastBox FM, Ivy FM, Player FM, iVoox, and other podcast streaming platforms.

[video] TB diagnosis and treatment is free but people face unacceptable catastrophic costs, diagnostic delays

[video] Find all TB → treat all TB → prevent all TB → End TB | Science-based photo story

[podcast] TB science simplified

TB Science Simplified podcast: Prof Urvashi B Singh explains TB diagnosis, treatment, and prevention. Prof Urvashi is in-charge of Tuberculosis Division, and Professor, Department of Microbiology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi (AIIMS Delhi) is speaking in End TB Dialogues. She is also the Co-Chair of Diagnostic Committee, National TB Elimination Programme (NTEP, Government of India, and member of Diagnostic Committee, India TB Research Consortium, Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) and ICMR Task Force on Genital Tuberculosis. Prof Singh is in conversation with CNS Founder, Managing Editor and Executive Director Shobha Shukla.

[podcast] Find all TB → treat all TB → prevent all TB → End TB | Shobha Shukla speaks

Listen to this exclusive podcast on the theme: "Find all TB → treat all TB → prevent all TB → End TB" produced by CNS head Shobha Shukla. This is an exclusive and powerful science- and evidence-backed narrative on why critical building blocks of #EndTB agenda are: #FindAllTB, #TreatAllTB and #PreventAllTB - grounded in people-centred and human-rights-based and gender transformative approaches.

End TB Dialogues Summit | World TB Day

(click here to register) In lead up to 2024 World TB Day, be welcome to join us in our annual End TB Dialogues Summit on 19th March, 2pm IST. The theme is: “Treatment is prevention: Find all TB → treat all TB → prevent all TB → end TB."

Finding all TB, treating all TB and preventing all TB in Bangladesh: Are we on track?

(click here to register) Join us on 19th March, Tuesday, at 10:30am Bangladesh time in a special episode of End TB Dialogues Summit (in lead up to 2024 World TB Day) featuring a range of #EndTB experts from Bangladesh. The theme is: "Find all TB → treat all TB → prevent all TB → end TB".

It is not natural disasters but manmade barriers that block access to TB care

It is not natural disasters (like hurricanes or storms) which block access to TB care services most times, but manmade barriers that fuel injustices, inequities, greed, and risk factors that put people at risk of TB disease and death.

[podcast] Science has gifted us tools to find, treat and prevent TB but are we using them?

This podcast features Professor (Dr) Rajendra Prasad, who was conferred upon the coveted Dr BC Roy National Award by the President of India; and has been the President of all important respiratory medicine professional associations such as National College of Chest Physicians, Indian Chest Society, or Indian College of Allergy, Asthma and Applied Immunology. Earlier he has been the Director of Vallabhbhai Patel Chest Institute in Delhi and UP Rural Institute of Medical Sciences in Safai; former Head of the Respiratory Medicine Department of prestigious King George's Medical University (KGMU); and leads National TB Task Force for TB Elimination. He is also part of the leadership of TB Association of India, and continues to play a seminal role in shaping India's response to end TB. He spoke with CNS on sidelines of 78th National Conference of Tuberculosis and Chest Diseases (NATCON) in Thrissur, Kerala, India.

May you be the woman you want to be in a man's world

[हिन्दी] "A judge's son is a lawyer, and this lawyer's father is an inspector. Then who is the judge?" 

When this question was asked in a training workshop, many participants floundered on the answer. Deep-rooted gender biases and harmful gender stereotypes and narratives, often affect the gendered way we think. Perhaps that is why it is not so obvious to many that a woman can also be a judge as well as a mother!

[video] End TB-related stigma in healthcare settings

We cannot leave the older people behind if we are to end TB

One in four persons globally who had developed active TB disease in 2022 was over 55 years of age as per the latest WHO Global TB Report 2023 - around 2.7 million people. But over a million of these older people were missed by TB services (or not notified to the national TB programmes if they ever received any kind of care or not).

[podcast] With determination and persistence we can transform #EndTB dreams into reality

This podcast features Dr Kuldeep Singh Sachdeva who is speaking in CNS INSPIRE series, which features those who have done commendable work in helping shape responses to improve public health and gender equity. Dr Sachdeva has earlier led India's TB and AIDS programmes, has been the former Southeast Asia Regional Director of International Union Against Tuberculosis and Lung Disease (The Union), and currently leads Molbio Diagnostics as President - Chief Medical Officer. He is in conversation with CNS founder Executive Director and Managing Editor Shobha Shukla, who is a noted feminist and development justice leader.

[video] Persistence and determination play vital role in transforming our #EndTB dreams into reality | CNS Inspire series

[video] To end TB we must address TB risk factors, says Dr Sajeevan KM

[video] Compassion and use of best of tools to test, treat and prevent TB is vital

[video] Do not leave the children behind: Find all TB, treat all TB and stop the spread

Treatment is prevention: Stop the spread of infection by finding all and treating all TB

"The greater danger for most of us is not that our aim is too high and we miss it, but that it is too low and we reach it.” 

These golden words of Michelangelo perhaps sum up the fundamental gap in the fight to end TB worldwide.

[podcast] Why cannot all people in need have access to best of TB tests and treatments?

In this podcast, Manitosh Ghildiyal, TB and HIV human rights activist, shares his personal lived experience with HIV as well as TB - and how he is advocating for people-centred responses to end TB and end AIDS. Why cannot all people-in-need get better tests and new shorter and more effective treatments for TB? he asks.

5000 vertical HIV transmissions in India in 2021

States need tailored interventions to eliminate vertical transmission
Edited by: Dr Trupti Gilada (CNS Medical Editor HIV & TB science)
published in aidsmap on 19 February 2024
published in aidsmap on 19 February 2024

149 experts call to find all TB to stop TB

One hundred and forty nine delegates of 78th National Conference of Tuberculosis and Chest Diseases ( NATCON) have endorsed a global call to find all TB to stop TB, which has 1 key ask: Stop missing TB cases, by taking 2 actions:
  1. Replace smear microscopy 100% with WHO recommended molecular tests as soon as possible, along with a paradigm shift from a lab-centric to a fundamentally people-centric model to find TB, leaving no one behind
  2. Find the missing millions! Screen everyone (and not just those with TB symptoms) in high burden settings with WHO recommended screening tools, and confirm those with presumptive TB using molecular tests.

[video] Stop TB Partnership head Dr Lucica Ditiu's message at World Social Forum 2024

[video] Global North vs Global South: End health inequity to end TB and deliver on health for all

[podcast] Ending inequity is imperative to end TB and deliver on #HealthForAll

This podcast features Sumit Mitra, a thought leader on reaching the unreached with best of evidence-based diagnostics and health services, and President of Molbio Diagnostics (makers of Truenat). He is speaking at the World Social Forum (WSF 2024) in Kathmandu, Nepal, in a session entitled "Ending inequity is imperative if we are to end TB and deliver on health for all." This WSF 2024 session is being held in Ministry of Health and Population, Nepal.

It is time to hold governments to account for ending tobacco

Currently the intergovernmental talks on the legally binding global tobacco treaty are taking place in Panama. This meeting, formally called the tenth session of the Conference of the Parties (COP10) to the World Health Organization Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (WHO FCTC), has delegates from 183 countries representing more than 90% of the world’s population, to review progress in the implementation of the global tobacco treaty, and take the next steps to help achieve the right of all people to lead healthy lives.

Growing call to make Big Tobacco pay for health and environment harms

Would you not be surprised to learn that an industry whose products kill over 8 million people every year (even when used as the manufacturer intended), and cause an array of health and environment disasters of epidemic proportion, has not been held to account fully? Yes we are referring to the Big Tobacco. Well, perhaps a very long wait could be over as governments of over 180 countries are meeting in Panama for advancing progress on global tobacco treaty - and it is likely that such a decision to make Big Tobacco Pay - may come forth, finally.

Thrissur journalists call to #FindAllTB to stop TB

Why are shorter, safer and more effective treatments for drug-resistant TB not reaching everyone in need?

Is it not a paradox that a preventable, diagnosable, treatable, and curable bacterial infection disease is still 1.30 million people every year. Yes we are talking of TB. Today we have all the solutions to #EndTB - point-of-care molecular tests to diagnose drug sensitive and drug-resistant TB upfront within an hour or so, and begin patient-friendly shorter treatment regimens ("same day test and treat") to get rid of this dreaded disease. And yet in 2022, an estimated 10.6 million people developed TB globally, out of which 410,000 cases were of drug-resistant TB. Moreover only less than half of those with drug-resistant TB (43%) were able to access treatment.

Journey of a TB survivor from pain to strength

⭐ Watch the interview on Facebook, YouTube or Instagram

Immortal words of Leonard Cohen, “there is a crack in everything, that is how the light gets in,” best sum up the transformative journey from pain to strength of Binika Shrestha, a native of Hetauda in Nepal. Binika shared the travails of the long path she trod- from being diagnosed with TB, going through the TB treatment, fighting the side effects of medicines as well as the haunting and daunting stigma, to eventually getting cured, and then, a few years later becoming a district TB officer herself.

[podcast] When we can reach the moon then why cannot we reach the unreached people in the communities with health services?

This podcast features Dr Rennis Davis Kizhakkepeedika, President of Association of Pulmonologists Thrissur; Professor and Head, Pulmonary Medicine Dept and Vice Principal, Amala Institute of Medical Sciences; and part of lead organising committee of 78th National Conference of TB and Chest Diseases (NATCON, 2-4 February 2024 in Thrissur). Dr Rennis was on the panel for #EndTB Dialogues. For more information on NATCON in Thrissur (2-4 February 2024) please visit:

Are we prepared to combat online gender-based violence?

[watch the recording on YouTube, Facebook, Instagram (part 1, 2), or listen to podcast] Gender-based violence is among the most prevalent human rights violations globally. Urgency is palpable as governments worldwide have less than 7 years to end all forms of gender-based violence and deliver on the promise of gender equality for all by 2030. But instead of declining, gender-based violence has become even more sinister and complex because technology-based and technology-facilitated online gender-based violence is also on an alarming rise.

[video] Youth and online gender-based violence: Challenges and solutions

[podcast] Youth and gender-based violence: Challenges and solutions

Listen to this podcast featuring an engaging discussion on youth and gender-based violence: challenges and solutions. Panelists include Kirthi Jayakumar, who is part of the Gender Security Project and Head of Community Engagement at World Pulse (India); Hafsah Muheed, intersectional feminist and human rights advocate from Sri Lanka; Tanmaya Kshirsagar, Indian Classical Vocalist, Writer & Academic and an intersectional feminist; Rita Widiadana, former Editor, The Jakarta Post, Indonesia; Kalpana Acharya, Health TV Online, Nepal; Xari Jalil, senior journalist and Editor Voice Pakistan; Zevonia Vieira, Editor, Neon Metin Media, Timor-Leste; SM Shaikat, SERAC-Bangladesh; Tanya Khera, Samanta Foundation; Joshua Dilawar, Y-PEER Pakistan; Matcha Phorn-in, Sangwan Anakot Yaowachon Thailand; and Shobha Shukla, CNS (moderator).

Listen to this podcast on Apple Podcasts, Amazon Music, Google Podcasts, Spotify, TuneIn, Podtail, BluBrry, Himalaya, ListenNotes, American Podcasts, CastBox FM, Ivy FM, Player FM, iVoox, and other podcast streaming platforms.