Who is the champion of democracy?

Manish Tiwari, Congress spokesperson, has said democracy faces greatest peril from the tyranny of unelected and unelectable. He said that the Centre was running out of patience with 'irrational expectations and attitudes.' Earlier Pranab Mukherjee said that there is growing trend of undermining the democratic process and extra-constitutional authority might lead to complete collapse of democracy. Mani Shankar Aiyar said that he would have not paid any heed to the fasts undertaken as part of anti-corruption movements and dismissed them as circuses. Digvijaya Singh has been agressive all along and had demanded enquiry into the expenditure incurred during Anna Hazare's fast right in the beginning. Kapil Sibal had also ridiculed the process of drafting of Lokpal bill asking how it would help educate every child and provide drinking water to all.

Even though the government is jointly drafting the Lokpal bill with members of civil society yet it is clear that it is not very serious about it. Senior members of the ruling Congress Party are very bitter about the participation of the civil society in drafting the bill. What is the reason of their exasperation? These leaders represent the elite ruling class of our country. The fact of the matter is that all mainstream political parties thrive on money from corruption. It would become impossible for them if they abandoned corrupt practices that they adopt to win elections. Manish Tiwari would become unelectable if he did not have the support of corrupt apparatus of his party. It would be interesting to simply ask how many of Congress party, or for that matter of any party, MPs have won their last elections by spending within the Rs. 25 lakhs limit set by Election Commission during campaigning. Congress party is known to give more money than this to its promising candidates. When the foundation is laid on corruption how do we expect the MP to remain honest once he is elected?

This government has been responsible for price rise and the Deputy Chairman of Planning Commission says that an income of Rs. 20 per person per day in urban areas and Rs. 16 in rural areas should be considered the cutt off for Below Poverty Line. So, somebody earning Rs. 21 per day in a city and Rs. 16 in a village will not be considered poor. That is an example of one of the many 'irrational expectations and attitudes' of the government. Can Montek Singh Ahluwalia survive in Rs. 21 per day? Pranab Mukherjee should be asked when the government decides to launch Green Hunt in tribal areas should that not be considered a growing trend of undermining democracy and display of extra-constitutional power? Mani Shankar Aiyar should be asked if 2G Spectrum and Commonweath games would not be considered circuses? Although, to give credit to him he did consider Commonwealth games a circus and left the country as a mark of protest while they were held.

Digvijaya Singh must answer whether enquiry into wealth amassed by politicians and stashed aborad is lower on his priority list than the money spent on Anna Hazare's fast. If only Kapil Sibal had introduced the notion of 'common school system', which is in practice in every developed country, in his Right to Education Act, every child in India would have access to good quality education. But by abdicating his responsibility and then expecting Lokpal bill to do his job is being dishonest. We must also remember that upon taking charge of the Communications minister he simply dimissed the 2G Spectrum scam as not being there.

The behaviour of our politicians is appalling. The political class is questioning the locus standi of civil society in forcing the government to do certain things. But the fact is that people have lost faith in their elected representatives. They know that these legislators do not represent their interests but they represent the interests of corrupt capitalist class. Hence most of the policies and programmes formulated are not only not helping the poor but they are increaing the gap between rich and poor.

If the elected representatives had been doing their job properly India would have had a Lokpal long back and there would have been no need for a civil society movement. But given the nature of corrupt politics no political party would favour a strong anti-corruption regime. Hence it was left to the people to force to government to start acting in that direction. Manish Tiwari, Pranab Mukherjee and Mani Shankar Aiyar must realise that people are not extra-constitutional in a democracy. In fact, they are supreme and sovereign. People can dictate to the government and politicians if they do not perform. People's representatives are just what they are called, they are not rulers enjoying special privileges.

Anna Hazare's anti-corruption movement has resonated with common people's sentiments, who are the victim of this corrupt system. Right now people are supporting Anna Hazare over their politicians. In that sense for the time being Anna Hazare is a truer people's representative even though he may not be able to win an election like Manish Tiwari.

And sooner or later the question is going to be raised about the track record of our so called politicians. Who has a better track record of public service - Anna Hazare or Manish Tiwari? Even from this standpoint Anna Hazare is a better people's representative than Manish Tiwari. The practice of allowing novices, without having any experience of serving the people, merely because of their right connections or their money power to become politicians would have to be discontinued. The present Lok Sabha, with half its members super rich and with 162 members facing criminal charges cannot be considered as representing the people of India who are mostly poor and are victims of crimes committed by the powerful.

The existence of the class of politicians making most noise against Anna Hazare's campaign is in danger if a strong Lokpal Act is brought into place. It is this fear that is finding expression in their aggressive stance. Aggression is an instrument of fearful and corrupt.


(Dr Sandeep Pandey is a Ramon Magsaysay Awardee for emergent leadership (2002) and leads the National Alliance of People’s Movements (NAPM). He did his PhD from University of California, Berkeley in control theory (used in missile technology) and taught at IIT Kanpur before plunging full-time in social activism. He is also a member of national presidium, Lok Rajniti Manch. Email: ashaashram@yahoo.com)

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1 comment:

  1. "Brazil's champion of democracy, fighter against poverty
    Brazil's popular and most ardent champion of human rights - Herbert Jose de Souza or Betinho as he is commonly known - has spent his life tackling issues of inequity affecting street children, senior citizens and landless peasants. He has now shifted his creative initiatives to addressing the structural roots of Brazilian poverty.

    HERBERT Jose de Souza is a small, fragile-looking man. But his large deep-set eyes betray the strength and fire that has galvanised his life-long fight for political democracy and against social ills and injustice.

    De Souza, or Betinho as he is commonly known, has emerged as Brazil's popular and most ardent champion of human rights, especially the right not to be poor.

    The latest of his long list of creative initiatives is the Champion Against Hunger that after three years is mobilising all sectors of Brazilian society to act against poverty and unemployment. In the early 1990s, he had launched another campaign, 'Earth and Democracy', combining the fight against environmental problems with the struggle for human rights and democracy. A million Brazilians gathered in Rio de Janeiro's huge Flamingo Park overlooking Sugar Loaf Mountain, to celebrate the Earth and Democracy carnival organised by Betinho and the organisation he founded and leads, IBASE. "

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