India must not delay enforcing public health policies
The repeated delay, at times weakening, and postponing the implementation of public health policies in India, particularly the provisions of the Cigarettes and Other Tobacco Products Act, 2003, mustn''t occur again. With two weeks to go before India enforces ban on smoking in public places from 2 October 2008, and few more weeks to go before mandatory pictorial warnings on tobacco products from 30 November 2008 get enforced, it is high time to prepare ourselves to contribute effectively in the implementation of these health policies.
At the launch of the 3rd edition of the "Global Tobacco Treaty Action Guide 2008: Protecting Against Tobacco Industry Interference" in New Delhi today, it is clear that the tobacco giants have disqualified themselves from participating in the development of public health policy. Worldwide release of the Global Tobacco Treaty Action Guide is a centerpiece of this year's 9th International Week of Resistance (IWR) to Tobacco Transnationals (22-28 September 2008).
The Global Tobacco Treaty Action Guide 2008 is produced by Corporate Accountability International [which is in official relations with the World Health Organization (WHO)], along with the Network for Accountability of Tobacco Transnationals (NATT).
For years the tobacco industry has operated with the express intention of subverting public health policies. If the tobacco giants were truly serious about saving lives, they would back off and let governments swiftly, fully implement the public health policies, including the national health policies and also the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC) -- the first global corporate accountability and public health treaty. India, along with more than 150 countries, has ratified the global tobacco treaty (FCTC). The WHO estimates that broad implementation of the treaty could save 200 million lives by 2050.
In July 2007, at the second implementation and enforcement meeting on the FCTC, parties took the courageous step of initiating the development of guidelines on the implementation of Article 5.3 of the FCTC. These guidelines will help governments anticipate and thwart attempts by the vested commercial interests of the tobacco industry to undermine the implementation of the tobacco control policies.
Tobacco kills 5.4 million people around the world each year. Tobacco is a risk factor in six of the eight leading causes of death worldwide. The death toll is projected to rise to eight million a year by 2030, with 80 percent of those deaths occurring in developing countries. If current trends are not reversed, tobacco will claim one billion lives this century.
Proven tobacco control measures required in India by the global tobacco treaty (FCTC), and also by the Cigarettes and other Tobacco Products Act, 2003, such as the ban on tobacco advertising, promotion and sponsorship, graphic and effective warning labels, strong tax policies and protection from exposure to tobacco smoke, are now being implemented gradually in India. However, the enforcement of some of these policies in India got delayed repeatedly, owing to pressure from the tobacco-growers' associations and other such agencies. The various governmental and non-governmental stakeholders need to be vigilant so as to facilitate the enforcement of these policies and guard them against undue interference, said activists.
Central Chronicle, Madhya Pradesh and Chattisgarh
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